- (Lovers of Zion)A movement that was established in 1882, as a direct reaction to the widespread pogroms in Russia (especially Odessa) in 1881, for the purpose of encouraging Jewish settlement in Palestine and achieving a Jewish national revival there. The founders concluded that the way to save the Jewish people was to return to Zion and rebuild the land. They generally favored practical Zionist settlement in Eretz Israel. The members of the Hibbat Zion Movement joined farm villages or established new ones (such as Rishon Le-Zion, Zichron Yaakov, and Rosh Pina) in conformity with their view that immigration (see ALIYA) and settlement in Palestine would alleviate the problems of the Jewish communities in Europe.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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Hibbat Zion Movement — See Hoveve Zion (Lovers of Zion) … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Ahad Haam — (One of the People (1856 1927) The pseudonym used by Asher Zvi Ginzberg, founder and proponent of the cultural Zionism Movement. Born in Skvira, near Kiev, in Russia (see UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS [USSR/RUSSIA]), he began to learn… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Aliya — Derived from the Hebrew word for ascent or going up. The immigration of Jews from the Diaspora to the Holy Land (Palestine and, later, Israel). Jewish immigration to and settlement in the land of Israel is a central concept in Zionist ideology … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Montefiore, Sir Moses — (1784 1885) Born in Italy and died in England, he was a major benefactor of early Zionist settlement of Palestine. A member of a wealthy Sephardic (see ORIENTAL JEWS) family, he was brought to England in infancy and rose to become one of… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Weizmann, Chaim — (1874 1952) Veteran Zionist leader and first president of the state of Israel. He was born on 27 November 1874 in Motol, near Pinsk, Russia, into a family of ardent Zionists that belonged to the Hoveve Zion Movement. He was educated in Germany … Historical Dictionary of Israel
GESANG, NATHAN-NACHMAN — (1886–1944), one of the leaders and president of the Zionist Organization and of the Keren Hayesod of Argentina. Born in Cracow, Gesang went to Berlin to study and became active in the Zionist movement. When he moved to Britain (in 1909) he… … Encyclopedia of Judaism